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    Resort factors and herbs

    The Difficult relief and power of geological processes in region define the big variety of sources mineral and thermal waters . Many of them are used simply as table water. The "…рфхэ-срфхэ" is a forge to Crimea also; is a sanatorium "ОхЁэ№х тюф№" nearby to settlement Kujbyshevo of the Bakhchsarai area.

    Unique properties blue clay possesses also . It meets in breakages of ravines and sea coast Foothills. Its Turkish name – sapun, and can be a Turkish word sapun occurs from clay which from an antiquity was taken out from Crimea … Easy to guess that well-known for heroism of the Soviet soldiers the Sapun-mountain is well-known also for the clay.

    It Is appreciated instant cosmetic effect for a skin and hair in a combination to sea water and solar warming up. The power conceals it in itself of force of volcanic eruption is the ashes processed by a tsunami.

    Now it is short – that this such and as it is applied. Blue clay, or kil, keffelit (from Keffe, the Turkish name of Feodosiya), sapun, - wax-like, light green or zelenovato-grey breed. In a dry condition easily crumbles, in upper cuts appears through. A break surface soapy if it to wet a saliva or water. At prokalivanii turns to a good tooth-powder.

    At soaking by water increases in volume. That is it is impossible to blow up a dam made of such clay (for example, it it is a dam of the Simferopol water basin) – clay becomes from water heavy and viscous.

    The Mineral with the intricate name montmorillonit, forming blue clay, differs a mobile crystal lattice. Surprising absorbing, bleaching, medical and other original properties kila long since apply to linen washing in sea water (by the way, in mountains and spring water rigid enough because of the dissolved calcium). It is good kil and for clarification of wines, fruit juice, in the medical purposes, for manufacturing of soap and tooth-pastes.

    Masks for hair, a face skin and a body in a combination to sea water and heat of solar beams directly on a beach give tremendous effect: soften and tone up a skin, clear from ugrevoj rashes, bleach, smooth wrinkles. They possess anti-cellulite, antibacterial and antistressful action. During present time with difficult and obscure allergic influences, that blue clay only for two sessions (this my achievement) has eliminated painful enough and strongly pronounced ekzemu is important. It acted as years at the child on search with fruit candy (and is faster on food dyes and additives to it).

    However, not the superfluous will tell and about contra-indications. These are diseases of cardiovascular system, a thyroid gland, a tuberculosis. But blue clay will be not not prevented by massage, movement and physical activities, bathing. Only do not make laugh her to wash off, it is important, that its action was combined with heat, serious potootdeleniem, stimulation of biochemical activity of cages, rassasyvaniju inflammatory processes t to antispasmodic action. Clay should dry up completely on a skin and start to be showered itself. Then it is already possible to be washed in the sea and to feel unusual vyglazhennost the skin.

    Unusual medical nature vegetative riches of region possess also.

    Approximately 250 kinds of plants meet only in Crimea, them name endemami (endemikami, endemichnymi kinds). It, for example, the Crimean white snowdrop folded - only in the mixed woods of Mountain Crimea, the Crimean edelweiss (jaskolka Bibershtejna) - only on Jajle.

    Crimean endemiki – a cyclamen of Kuznetsova and a snowdrop folded (galantus) – plants bulbous, gathering of their colours cannot represent any harm . Their people absolutely poor collect and sell. That on them round-ups the spindle-legs dressed in bullet-proof vests with automatic machines – simply shame, and at all neither what nor struggle for red books everyone there arrange that. By the way, and the Crimean snowdrop was never brought in the Red book of the USSR, as a vanishing species is not and perfectly grows in front gardens. Endemik, it is a kind growing on certain district. Here the lily of the valley just endemikom is not, grows and in the Midland of Russia, but with it, really, problems, now it became a rarity.

    Besides the primordial kinds Crimea is rich also introdutsentami , not less than 2000 kinds of plants are delivered here from all ends of globe and widespread. And the South American cactus a prickly pear, the Chinese ailanthus, Canadian robinija (a white acacia), Italian gljadichija and many hundreds kinds have so got accustomed that extend independently without any leaving.

    Various trees, bushes, grasses, together with mushrooms, lichens form steady communities in the nature: many-tier (especially in the mixed woods), with multilateral communications of self-control, together with with a characteristic artistic image - silhouettes and paints. The birchwood or a pine pine forest, an oak grove or kovylnaja steppe - the inhabitant of the Midland will meet them as old acquaintances. And here mountain meadow steppes Jajly or impassable kustarnikovye thickets of Southeast coast is already something especial. That to speak about ancient parks Juzhnoberezhja where in relic mozhzhevelovye groves have joined for a long time the Italian pines and the Lebanese cedars. And artificial landings of the Crimean pine to mountain terraces and the fulfilled stone-cutting open-cast mines quite often cast thoughts on pyramids majja or architecture of aliens.

    In Foothills at heights from 350 to 600 m above sea level the basic vegetative community are so-called oaklets and artificial landings of a pine Crimean, including on terraces. Below this level the same communities meet islets, a natural belt of forest-steppe - the best in the economic relation, is occupied by vineyards, gardens and fields.

    The forest-steppe zone clearly shows Incomplete humility to the person in May-June when Foothills fields turn to magnificent scarlet carpets. It different kinds of a poppy (basically, samosejka and doubtful) blossom. They blossom and in steppe, but in vicinities of Sevastopol, Bakhchisarai and Simferopol it is necessary to admire them, at all their harm to wheaten and barley fields.

    Oaklets are in essence root young growth from the former oak groves which have been repeatedly cut down in the past. Well and the Crimean pine has appeared most "=х§эюыюушёэ№ь" a material for fast lesovosstanovlenija, fastenings of slopes and ecological improvement of the earths broken by mountain workings out.

    Oaklets can alternate, especially in vicinities of Bakhchisarai, with thickets of a prickly juniper. Foothills woods are not so high, are not shady, but are very good for walks and campaigns. They also are unusually rich with crabs, pears, a cornel, a wood nut, a hawthorn and other fruit plants. And also mushrooms and medicinal grasses.

    When you cross the Main ridge of Crimean mountains from Bakhchisarai to Yalta, from Simferopol to Alushte it is clearly visible that approximately from 600 metres above sea level woods become shady, long-boled are woods from a beech and a hornbeam with an impurity still sets of breeds, including a wild sweet cherry and an apple-tree. In reserves such woods simply amaze with the magnificence.

    At heights over 1100 metres eternally storming a wind define the whole belt so-called beechen krivolesja, reminding to scenery to terrible, but to romantic fairy tales.

    Hilly surfaces of the Main ridge - jajly, cover the richest meadow steppes, both in respect of a forage for hoofed animals of animals, and on a botanical variety, and especially on curative plants.

    The Southern edge jajly is covered by powerful and most beautiful pines (though here again there is a small belt pine krivolesja and whole "яі э№х ЁюЁш").

    Thus, the basic lesoobrazujushchimi breeds of Crimea are: pines (except chernostvolnoj Crimean, in mountains there is also a pine ordinary a reddish trunk, and at coast - endemichnaja sudakskaja, and also set of pines-introdutsentov from Italy, Canada, Mexico); oaks (three kinds local, and on juzhnoberezhe a little evergreen, including pith); a beech and a hornbeam.

    Certainly, to Crimea go for the sake of the sea, but comparing it and to resorts of a steppe zone of Ukraine, and with the coast of Mediterranean sea exhausted from heat, once again we will tell thanks our plants.

    That a pine - the tree curative, allocating fitontsidy , flying substances pernicious for pathogenic bacteria, is known almost to all. But also in oaklets or shibljakah air is not less pure, after all both an oak chereshchatyj and its undersized colleagues - an oak fluffy which leaves from the bottom party are covered by a down, and an oak rocky, all the winter long not dumping yellow foliage, - all of them are rich fitontsidami. Together with junipers, a poplar, a walnut and many other things, usual plants for Crimea.

    To Stir fallen down foliage, walking on autumn wood or park, it is pleasant not without reason - this aroma of withering is extremely rich with curative substances.

    But the green dress of peninsula it not only fitontsidy. These are mushrooms and berries, medicinal grasses and nuts, amusing snags and outgrowths.

    Well and the main thing is it "эхтхёюь№х яюыхчэюё=ш": it softens a climate, accumulates a moisture when it is a lot of it, and then gradually gives, protects hillsides from washout, - in general, supports natural balance.

    Our love to picnics, shish kebabs and other pleasures on the nature not always passes for wood completely. We also suffer from it. Forest fires become the present disaster for all live. But it is not better at all in ecological sense having washed away slopes, formation of gullies and ravines on a place of an automobile track, trampling green podrosta, zahlamlenie plastic and a tin.


    Medicinal grasses

    In Crimea (and, probably, everywhere) each grass keeps at a distance - grows only there, where the best (is more exact, habitual) a parity of the sun and a shade, a moisture and a drainage, on suitable soil or even at its full absence.

    1. Stony slopes limy ridges in April light up with almost continuous light of an adonis spring. Separate plants meet even in city line of Sevastopol, Bakhchisarai and Simferopol (only here they, of course, not quite medical). In general an adonis - the strong and checked up means for treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

    The yarrow - a white squash in the Summer blossoms. Collect it, cutting off the top parts of a plant or separately tsvetki and a grass. Infusions, preparations from a yarrow are applied at intestinal, pulmonary, gemorroidalnyh, matochnyh diseases, and also at various bleedings.

    Here, on stony slopes, it is possible to meet odorous chabrets, collect it in full flowering - from the middle of June till the end of summer. Essence is contained only by the top, thin parts of small stalks with leaves and colours. Preparations from them apply in quality otharkivajushchego, antiseptic; vetrogonnogo, calming, protivosudorozhnogo means. At nevritah and radiculitises it kills a pain.

    The Grass of the bitter wormwood growing in the same stony dry places, is used for treatment gastroenteric diseases, an anaemia, a sleeplessness, a hypertension, illnesses of a liver and a bilious bubble.

    2. If a little to go down, at a foot of foothill ridges , on solar edges of coppices, on meadows, at roads grow rare now kurtinki camomiles chemist's, blossoming since June and having a wide spectrum of application from normalisation of activity of a gastroenteric path before improvement of a food of hair. Tea from tsvetkov camomiles - one of few medical products, which always by the way.

    To Praise highly especially a plantain, probably, there is no sense though it is worthy of it: all of us in the early childhood polzovali itself its merciful leaves. But except treatment of grazes and cuts a fresh plantain, it use in the form of juice - at gastritises, kolitah, a cystitis, and infusion from the dried leaves as otharkivajushchee means.

    Seldom enough it is possible to meet zveroboj made a hole (a lot of a similar grass with the same bright yellow asterisks of colours, but with leaves without "яхЁ¶юЁрчшш"), blossoming since June till September. Infusion from tsvetkov and leaves possesses knitting, anti-inflammatory and toning up properties. Tea from zveroboja, fragrant and pleasant on taste, calms, fills with feeling of comfort. Only ATTENTION: infusion zveroboja krepit. At normal digestion (and furthermore at propensity to locks), it should be made only in a mix with a camomile (easy laxative).

    The Habitual dandelion in cities and settlements is better be not to touching - on its leaves settle automobile exhausts, and here to bring leaves from country walk will not prevent. The fresh young leaves soaked in salty water about half an hour, it is possible to add in fat. Dandelion roots (them prepare in the autumn) use for appetite excitation, at locks and as zhelchegonnoe means.

    3. The following typical "ьхё=юЁюцфхэшх" it waste grounds , the weed places thrown by people, places centuries-old vypasa cattle. First of all, the burdock-burdock with powerful tsvetonosnym a stalk here is evident. But it just is not necessary to us - the annual burdock with the same huge leaves, but without a stalk is old too, and here, possesses a curative root broth from which is known as strong diuretic and a sudorific.

    The Nettle has an effect a burning pain, but however the plant it is very useful, especially fresh leaves, which chlorophyll does not collapse at kipjachenii. They possess strong kroveostanavlivajushchimi and otharkivajushchimi properties, are used at rastrojstvah intestines. Broths from the dried leaves of a nettle apply also to rinsing of hair.

    Sporysh (bird's grechiha) is swept well up there where other grass have trampled, it it is a lot of and in settlements, especially on new buildings. And meanwhile, this invisible plant raises coagulability of blood, reduces uterus muscles, anti-inflammatory an effect has, expels sand at illnesses of kidneys. Certainly, to collect it it is necessary in those places which are left for a long time by people.

    The Name pustyrnik speaks for itself. It is difficult to imagine a heap beaten cherpitsy and inveterate ashes somewhere in the mountain thrown settlement without a nettle and without its pink small tsvetkov, looking out of bosoms pjatilopastnyh leaves. Pustyrnik contains the fine demulcent surpassing valerianu by efficiency in 3-4 times. The top part of a blossoming plant collect from June till September.

    In the same habitats left people (in valleys under "яхЁхЁэ№ьш" cities of Southwest Crimea) I saw the whole glades or even fields of the Indian hemp. A medicine it, the truth, does not admit …

    4. At last, last type of habitats. The thought on water on the journey will always come. And in crude places, at streams , small rivers, ponds, on damp slopes of ravines, you for certain will meet a train with three-separate leaves and small yellow tsvetkami. If in the house the baby, without it not to manage. Collect and dry only train leaves. Use in broths at prostudnyh diseases and as diuretic. Bathing in train broths protects the child from potnitsy, every possible rashes and oprelostej, zolotuhi, a rickets, does its skin steady to инфекциям.*

    At the same springs, typing vodichku for tea, you very opportunely find out mint and a balm (limonnik). Unusually pleasant taste (besides allowing to save on sugar) and a strong demulcent. To drink, the truth, costs only at bedtime - razmarivaet fine.

    * By the way, about children and an infection. Radical means against an oral cavity infection, first of all milkwomen at chest children - jam from petals of a tea rose. It is enough to humidify a baby's dummy in a cup where on 20-30 grammes of water (boiled) some drops of jam - all it is filtered.


    Wild-growing fruits

    the Cornel and a wood nut grow almost everywhere to the south from Simferopol - as an underbrush in dubovo-grabovyh woods and it is independent on stony slopes and in beams, forming kustarnikovye thickets together with a hawthorn, a barberry, a dogrose. Quite often in such places, and also on solar edges impassable curtains are formed by a sloe (wild plum), a prickly liana a blackberry, or azhina. By the way, it is frequent also a dogrose meets in the form of the prickly lianas entangling trees. To collect it is one frustration: berries large and beautiful, but you will not reach.

    In mountain woods occasionally there is a guelder-rose, a mountain ash of different kinds (the most remarkable - krupnoplodnaja brushes of pear-shaped fragrant fruits of yellow colour with a flush) and is absolutely rare mushmula German - a tree from podsemejstva jablonevyh with brownish tart fruits.

    Everywhere in wood it is possible to meet and ancestors of our gardens - various kinds of crabs, pears, a cherry plum, an apricot, a cherry, a sweet cherry. There are their fruits frequently it is impossible because of tartness and knitting taste, it is better to dry for the winter, and then to add in compotes from dried fruits for wood aroma or to use for the same additives at house conservation. Fruits of wild plum - a sloe differ also painting effect, give to any compote dense and juicy red colour. Fruit liqueur from a sloe at small (20 grammes on a glass) addition in tea irreplaceable means for cold, it will always save from illness if was dripping wet and was chilled to bones. Some drinks, and warmth waves spread on all body, filling each section.

    Edibility of the listed fruits does not raise the doubts, and here a berry a juniper prickly *, reminding a fur-tree with very rigid needles, but for some reason covered large dark red " уюфрьш" tried not many. Meanwhile, this excellent means for weariness on the journey, tart and fragrant berries freshen, strengthen gums, possess bactericidal properties. If you will be interested by the Scandinavian kitchen berries it is necessary nasobirat and to dry for the future. They and if you not absolutely successfully transfer transport, moreover on mountain roads will be useful. For such cases well also simply to chew a bunch of long needles of a pine Crimean - only do not put them in a mouth the sharp ends not to be wounded.

    * not to confuse to a juniper high, or treelike, - the rare plant brought in the Red book of the USSR. Berries at it bluish, small and insipid.

    There is also one more plant standing independently from other, - silvery loh ("фшър  ьрёышэр"). He loves dry solar places, is not afraid some salt. In the end of summer small oval fruits with muchnisto-sweet pulp and a stone grow ripe. Along beaches of the Western coast it is unique protection both against heat and against extraneous eyes. But, please, at least bury a waste in sand and do not break branches. Without loha and the life is bad - with such patient and useful creation it is necessary to become impudent moderately. Except it will already not grow anything.

    Loh is delivered to us from caucasus as a park plant, but now extends self-sowing. The destiny of almonds and a walnut is same. Once they were garden plants, but many centuries are settled independently.

    the Walnut , the truth, last decades in places has suffered from distribution to Crimea, in the beginning in parks, then self-sowing of a North American nut gikori for which small fruits and almost impenetrable reservation of a shell are characteristic. Because of repollination these unnecessary signs began to be shown and at a walnut. As local orehoplodnye - leshchina and a filbert, and newcomers yield fruits, spejushchie in September. Many love nuts of wax ripeness and collect them in August. It is necessary to eat such fruits at once, to prepare for the future them it is useless. Those nuts which separate from a peel (a walnut and almonds - or from green "°ряюёъш" are well stored only; (a filbert and leshchina).

    Igor Rusanov



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