the Short review of historical events
Local valleys were in the Great Freezing of Europe one of so-called refugiumov – refuges for animal and ancient hunting tribes. On very small area here there were plants, animals and tribes of several climatic zones – from tundra to subtropics.
In process of glacier deviation there was a return of many tribes back on the north. In place names of local places echoes of the most different classic languages – the Celtic, Baltic, German, finougorskih have remained. For the majority of Europeans local landscapes are perceived as comfortable, native at genetic level.
At the time of the early Iron Age ( IX - VIII centuries BC) many karstic cavities of Foothills became patrimonial sanctuaries of Tauris where they sacrificed to the goddess to the Maiden grasped ellinov. With Christianity acceptance, and then both Moslems grottoes and caves became sacred places of these religions, and the same places had only small divergences in legends.
VII centuries - in Steppe and then and in Foothill to Crimea appear BC aggressive nomads Scythians.
VI-V centuries BC - the basis of the first drevne-Greek colonies at coast. Chersonese Taurian makes huge political and cultural impact on all region of present Bakhchsarai area.
70th years AD – expansion of influence of Romans, the basis of a fortress of Haraks on cape Ah-todor and building from it the first mountain road to Kherson (on a place of present Sevastpoolja).
the end of III century AD - fortresses of Scythians take storm goty, formation goto-alanskogo the breeding union, Christianity distribution.
the end of IV century AD - almost all settlements of Crimea are plundered and burnt gunnami.
527 - 565 years - board of the Byzantian emperor Justiniana I who have based at coast of Crimea numerous fortresses, and in Foothills paying military services it is ready also allied it of tribes.
VI - XII centuries - development in Southwest to Crimea feudal relations and formation of the strengthened settlements on kuestah the Internal ridge - cave cities.
XIII century - Venetian, and then the Genoa colonisation of coast of Crimea.
1239 - a campaign of Mongolian khan Batyja, and in 1242 - formation Crimean ulusa the Gold horde with capital in Solhate (Old Crimea).
Times of the Crimean khanate were impetuous and boundless not only in fights, treasures, feasts and the refined pleasures. The dynasty Geraev (Gireev) patronised sciences and arts and differed in the offsprings various talents. The dynasty founder was brought up by Hadzhi Devlet Geraj at court of the Grand duke of Lithuanian Vitovta. For struggle for independence of Golden Horde leant against multinational culture of Crimea in the union with communities karaimov, genueskimi colonies and Christian Gotiej (the Mangupsky princedom to which prince he has married the daughter). In to the middle of 15 centuries it has transferred capital in Kyrk-Er (Chufut-kale), having begun original krymsko-Tatar culture. Urging the citizens to accept Islam, it, as well as all its followers, patronised the Uspensky orthodox cave monastery. Has deserved in the people a nickname "Melek" (Angela) and has put strong bases to traditions of toleration.
In 1467 - 1515 his son I in a military alliance with the Moscow kingdom expands with the Mengli-weight influence on the north and the east from Crimea. It was brought up in Cafe at genoeses, having acquired both the European and Asian culture, has begun building of a palace and capital in Bakhchisarai.
The Khan Gaza II Geraj (1551-1607) has become famous not only military victories, but also calligraphy art, game on a saaz and pieces of music, poems «the Rose and the Nightingale», «Coffee and Wine», graceful poetic miniatures – bejtami and gazeljami. Has received a nickname of "Pine forest" (Storm) for uncontrollable temper and ardency.
Set of lyrical products the khan has created also Bahadyr of I Geraj (1602-1641), it has entered into history of a policy the attempts to reconcile Moskovia and Turkey.
The Khan Mehmed of IV Geraj (1610-1674) was on friendly terms with Poland and supported Zaporozhye kozakov in their struggle for clearing of Ukraine of Moskovia. It is nicknamed "Sofa" (wise) for philosophical poems, a construction of schools and baths, support of scientists.
The khan for Isljam of III Geraj (1604-1654), ally Bogdana Khmelnitskiy in its struggle for independence of Ukraine of Poland has become famous For the charity, building of fountains and baths.
The Most well-known in the history of culture was and there is a khan to Kyrym Geraj (1717-1769), the admirer and the expert on all French, the style founder “ the Crimean rococo ”. But created on his order “the Fountain of Tears” and Djurbe Diljare Bikech of a steel world famous only thanks to talent Alexander Pushkin .
In general, from destruction hansky the palace at Stalin deportation was rescued by two - the great son of the Ethiopian people and Russian aristocracy A.S.Pushkin who has visited in Crimea in 1820 to year, and the great German the empress of Russia Catherine II , staying in the Bakhchsarai palace in 1787 to year during the most expensive round of all times and the people.
In addition on the given theme:
Seasons and public
Transport, habitation, a food
Communication, communications, mass-media
Bank services, money, souvenirs
Resort factors and herbs
the Nature and reserves
Chair – a wood garden